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Home Skin Health Psoriasis: Description, Causes, And Treatment Protocol

Psoriasis: Description, Causes, And Treatment Protocol

by Randy Perlmutter


About 2% to 3% of the world’s population suffers from the non-contagious inflammatory condition of the skin called psoriasis. It manifests as the growth of thick, red areas of skin coated in white or silver scales. Although psoriasis predominantly affects one’s skin, it may also have an adverse effect on the joints and nails, placing a heavy physical and psychological strain on those who have the condition. Because the immune system erroneously targets cells that are healthy in psoriasis, the condition causes uncontrollable growth and rapid skin cell turnover. Due to this quick turnover, skin cells build up on the surface and create recognizable plaques.

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Psoriasis: Description, Causes, And Treatment Protocol is an original (HealthXWire) article.

Possible Causes

Although the precise cause of psoriasis is unknown, it is thought to be a result of a confluence of immunological, genetic, and environmental factors. The following list of potential causes and contributing elements for psoriasis development.

Immune System Dysfunction

An autoimmune illness known as psoriasis occurs when the immune system unintentionally assaults healthy skin cells. An excessive immune response causes inflammation and speeds up the proliferation of skin cells in people with psoriasis.

Genetic Predisposition

A substantial risk factor for developing psoriasis is family history, which includes a strong genetic component. Psoriasis has been linked to specific genes, specifically those involved with immune system function and skin cell development. Possessing these genes, nevertheless, does not ensure that a person will get unwell.

Triggering Events

In genetically predisposed people, psoriasis symptoms can start or worsen despite the contribution of hereditary factors. Some examples of these triggers are:

Injury or Trauma

Burns, cuts, or insect bites on the skin may cause the “Koebner phenomenon,” which is the formation of psoriasis lesions.


Some illnesses, notably streptococcal infections, may cause or exacerbate psoriasis, particularly guttate psoriasis.


For numerous individuals, psoriasis symptoms might be exacerbated or triggered by psychological or emotional stress. Techniques for reducing stress can aid in symptom management.


Lithium, beta-blockers, antimalarials, and specific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs have all been linked to flare-ups of psoriasis.

Environmental Factors

Psoriasis can grow and worsen depending on the environment. These factors could include:

Lifestyle Factors

Smoking, excessive alcohol use, being overweight, and sedentary behavior are all associated with worsening psoriasis and less successful treatment outcomes.


Although warmer, more humid regions may offer some comfort, cold, dry conditions, such as those seen in the winter, might exacerbate problems.

Hormonal Factors

Some people may experience psoriasis symptom initiation or worsening as a result of hormonal changes related to pregnancy, puberty, or menopause.

Exacerbating and Mitigating Factors

Psoriasis management involves both aggravating and moderating elements in a substantial way. Flare-ups can be minimized and the illness can be better controlled overall by recognizing and avoiding exacerbating situations. Adopting measures to lessen these influences can also help with symptom management. The following are some typical psoriasis aggravating and reducing causes.

Exacerbating Factors


Psoriasis flare-ups may originate from bacterial or viral diseases, including respiratory infections or strep throat. Exacerbations can be avoided with prompt treatment for infections and excellent cleanliness habits.


Numerous instances of psoriasis symptoms have been shown to be brought on by or made worse by psychological stress. Relaxation exercises, meditation, and counseling are all stress-reduction methods that may also aid with psoriasis symptoms.

Skin Trauma or Injury

Burns, cuts, or excessive scratching of the skin can cause or aggravate symptoms of psoriasis in the regions that are impacted Flare-ups can be reduced by taking steps that safeguard the skin while preventing damage.

Dry and Cold Conditions

When the weather is cold and dry, psoriasis frequently gets worse. Cold and dry weather’s negative impacts can be reduced by frequently moisturizing the skin, utilizing a humidifier indoors, alongside clothing in layers to regulate body temperature.

Alcohol and Smoking

More serious alongside treatment-resistant psoriasis has been linked to excessive alcohol and cigarette use. Alcohol use can be decreased or eliminated, and stopping smoking can improve the course of treatment for psoriasis.


Some people’s psoriasis symptoms may worsen as a result of taking certain medications, including antimalarials, lithium, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, and beta-blockers. When choosing new drugs, it is crucial to discuss psoriasis with medical professionals.

Mitigating Factors

Eliminating Harsh Skincare Items

Avoiding skin irritation and reducing flare-ups can be accomplished by employing mild shampoos, soaps, and skincare items that lack potent chemicals or strong fragrances.


Regular skin moisturizing lessens scaling, irritation, and pain while assisting in preventing dryness. Emollients or moisturizers without fragrances can relieve discomfort and strengthen the skin’s protective barrier.

Avoiding Triggers

Individual triggers are unique to each individual and may be identified and avoided to greatly reduce the severity of psoriasis symptoms. Some foods, alcohol, tobacco, stress, and other environmental conditions are typical triggers.

Vitamin D and Sunlight

Psoriasis symptoms might be alleviated by phototherapy or restricted sunlight exposure under physician supervision. Vitamin D, known for its anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties, is produced in response to sunlight.

Healthy Lifestyle

The management of psoriasis can benefit from adopting a healthy lifestyle. This involves consuming a balanced diet, exercising frequently, keeping a normal weight, and obtaining enough sleep.

Supportive Clothing

Itching and friction on one’s skin may be lessened by dressing comfortably and loosely in natural fibers like cotton.

Alcohol is bad for health.

Standard Treatment Protocol

Psoriasis is often treated in a step-by-step manner determined by the disease’s severity, the body surface area compromised, and how the condition affects the patient’s standard of life. The following choices could be part of the usual treatment protocol.

Topical Medications

Vitamin D Analogues

These artificial vitamin D compounds, like calcipotriene and calcitriol, aid in reducing scaling by slowing the proliferation of skin cells.


These psoriasis-related itching, redness, and inflammation can be reduced by using certain anti-inflammatory ointments or creams. They come in a variety of strengths and compositions.

Calcineurin Inhibitors

Tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are two medications that assist in controlling the immune system and decreasing inflammation. They are frequently applied to delicate places or when conventional therapies are ineffective.


Topical retinoids, like tazarotene, help restore skin cell development and lessen inflammation.


PUVA Therapy

In order to cure psoriasis, psoralen with ultraviolet A or PUVA combines UVA radiation alongside a light-sensitizing drug. In a clinical environment, it is typically administered.

UVB Phototherapy

Inflammation is decreased and skin cell turnover is slowed down with controlled radiation from ultraviolet B or UVB light. A UVB unit at home or in a healthcare center may be used to administer it.

Systemic Medications


Owing to its potential negative effects, the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine is only prescribed for extremely severe instances of psoriasis. It offers quick relief but is normally only used briefly.


Using oral retinoid medicine can help reduce symptoms and delay skin cell proliferation. It is very helpful for psoriasis which is palmoplantar or pustular.


This oral medicine lowers inflammation while suppressing the immune system. When other therapies are unsuccessful or the psoriasis is mild to severe, it is frequently employed.

Biologic Agents

A more recent class of drugs called biologics targets particular immune responses linked to psoriasis. Etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, secukinumab, ustekinumab, and ixekizumab are among examples. For mild to severe psoriasis, biologics are often given as an injection or intravenous infusion.

Serum for healthy skin.

Treatment Options

Though conventional medications are the cornerstone of psoriasis control, some adjunct therapies, like herbal and natural remedies, might offer further advantages that include: –

Nutritional Supplements

Vitamin D

Supplementing with vitamin D might be helpful, especially for those with inadequate vitamin D levels, since it may assist to modify the body’s immune response and enhance skin health.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

The severity of psoriasis symptoms may be lessened by omega-3 fatty acids, that are found in fish oil supplements and possess anti-inflammatory properties.

Natural Remedies

Aloe Vera

The soothing and anti-inflammatory effects of aloe vera gel are beneficial for sensitive skin.

Tea Tree Oil

Due to its anti-inflammatory qualities, this essential oil could assist with decreasing psoriasis-related itching and redness.

Capsaicin Cream

Capsaicin cream, which comes from chili peppers, may temporarily alleviate pain and irritation.

Herbal Therapies

Evening Primrose Oil

Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a fatty acid included in this herbal supplement that may aid to relieve inflammation.


The primary ingredient in turmeric, curcumin, contains anti-inflammatory qualities and may aid with psoriasis symptoms.

Oregon Grape Extract

This herbal treatment, which originated from the naturally occurring Oregon grape plant, was previously used for many different skin diseases, including psoriasis, in the past.

Although adjunct therapies may have promise, there is currently little rigorous research to support their use in the management of psoriasis. Individual responses and possible combinations with traditional treatments may differ. To guarantee the safe and successful integration of adjunct treatments into the treatment strategy, consulting with a medical professional is essential.

Tea Tree Oil.


Psoriasis affects millions of people across the globe and can range in severity. Though there is no immediate cure for this illness, there are ways to manage your symptoms. Maintaining your beauty regimen, for example, is very important, but reducing abrasive activity like frequent exfoliation can lessen the chance of a bothersome flare up. Opt for regular moisturization and unscented, non-irritating products.

Work closely with your medical provider to find topical solutions or biologic injections that work with you and your lifestyle. Keep in mind that while you cannot totally eradicate psoriasis, regular treatment will allow you to live your life very similarly to those who do not suffer from the illness at all.

Healthy skin surface.
Additional resources for further reference

Important Note: The information contained in this article is for general informational purposes only, and should not be construed as health or medical advice, nor is it intended to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure any disease or health condition. Before embarking on any diet, fitness regimen, or program of nutritional supplementation, it is advisable to consult your healthcare professional in order to determine its safety and probable efficacy in terms of your individual state of health.

Regarding Nutritional Supplements Or Other Non-Prescription Health Products: If any nutritional supplements or other non-prescription health products are mentioned in the foregoing article, any claims or statements made about them have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and such nutritional supplements or other health products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

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